Thousands have been killed in the war and nearly a million are thought to have been displaced, Reuters reports, citing UN statistics. There has been international concern that abuses of civilians have occurred on both sides. Ethiopian authorities say they will internally investigate, but will not allow an independent investigation unless they are unable to conduct one themselves, Reuters reports.
Ethiopian leadership has declared victory in the conflict after capturing the TPLF capital of Mekelle, but the TPLF says they are still resisting, according to Reuters. Civilians who fled the fighting have told Reuters that they witnessed other civilians being hacked to death, shot in the streets, and bombed by government planes.
Amnesty International reports that hundreds of civilians may have been killed in a massacre in the village of Mai Kadra. Aid groups have claimed difficulty in helping civilians in the Tigray region, but a spokeswoman for President Abiy Ahmed said that “The federal government is well equipped and able to restore order and is undertaking such activities as cities and towns slowly return to regular activities.”
Ethiopia is Africa’s second-most populous country and is an important ally of the United States in a region marred by instability and violence. It borders Uganda, Sudan, Eritrea, and Somalia, all of which have experienced humanitarian crises in recent history.
Reports of what is really happening in Tigray have been difficult to verify due to a cutting off of communications infrastructure and a limiting of access by Ethiopian forces, Reuters reports. In a statement, Cardin said “fighting in Tigray has already cost thousands of lives and created a humanitarian crisis of disastrous proportions, threatening the long-term stability not only of Ethiopia, but the entire region.”