Open Letter to Ethiopians and to the International Community RE: Communique of “Concerned Ethiopians

RE: Communique of “Concerned Ethiopians” Issued on July 19, 2019 July 28, 2019

On July 19, 2019, 145 individuals who called themselves “Concerned Ethiopians”, mostly who hail from Amhara ethnic group, issued an alarmist communique titled, “Communique Urging Prevention of Genocide and Balkanization of Ethiopia.

We, the undersigned individuals and national/ethnic based nonprofit and community organizations representing our members, found this Communique to be extremely disingenuous, doom-laden and reflecting a one-sided political narrative that does not represent the view of the vast majority of the peoples of Ethiopia. And hence this response.

Unlike most of the African countries, Ethiopia was not directly created by the European colonialists. The modern Ethiopia was created by Emperor Menilik the II in the 19th century when Abyssinia or the northern part of Ethiopia invaded and occupied the southern part of the current day Ethiopia. Ethiopia was an empire state governed by kings and emperors up to 1974. Since Menilik’s conquest, the peoples in southern Ethiopia comprising of many nations/ethnic groups lived as conquered peoples in their own country. Their lands were by and large expropriated and given mostly to Amharas and their agents during the occupation. The Ethiopian empire dismantled the conquered peoples’ governance systems and rendered them illegal and replaced them mostly by direct or indirect rule through its agents.

Amharic, the language of the Amhara people, became a “national” language. All students in southern Ethiopia were forced to abandon theirs and adopt Amharic as their native language. All government offices, including courts, conducted their services only in Amharic. In order to be real Ethiopian one is directly or indirectly compelled to learn Amharic and adopt the Amhara culture which was institutionalized and became synonymous with Ethiopian culture. The official overt and covert policy of the empire was to assimilate all the southern peoples to the Amhara culture. The languages, cultures and way of lives of the southerners were denigrated, and every policy was devised to homogenize all ethnic groups towards one Ethiopian culture, i.e., the Amhara culture. Due to prevalent discriminatory policies, most of the educated elites, bureaucrats, high and middle class individuals and city dwellers until few decades ago were Amharas.

Whenever such blatant discriminations and oppressions exist in any society, it’s natural that resistance ensues. Ethiopia was not an exception to this. From the very first time they were put under the Abyssinian occupation, the peoples in southern Ethiopia started revolting against it, or opposed it in one form or another. It is the accumulation of all these resistances and rejection of the imperial rule that finally culminated in the 1974 revolution. Even though the 1974 revolution was hijacked by the military, the southern people registered one of their first major victories against conquest during this period. The land proclamation of the 1975 was one of the major acts that liberated the southerners from individual Amhara landlords and their agents.

Even though the land proclamation ended landlordism and individual Amhara dominated rule, the military government continued to rule with an iron hand. It stifled democratic rights of all Ethiopians, specially suppressing the just demands of ethnic groups to exercise their culture, use their languages in schools and have the right to self-administration. While the military government was an equal opportunity killer, the out-and-out suppression against national/ethnic movements was particularly heinous. This resulted in the creation and proliferation of liberation organizations and in the strengthening of organizations that were created during the empire era to fight against feudalism and for liberation.

Contrary to the assertion of the Communique’s signatories, it is very clear and uncontroverted for any objective observer of Ethiopia, that neither Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) nor the 1995 Constitution created national/ethnic problems in Ethiopia. It is rather the existence and prevalence of severe inequalities and discrimination along ethnic lines that created these organizations. Even with all its limitations, especially in its application, the 1995 Constitution was also not a cause, but rather a mechanism or tool intended to deal with the prevalent serious ethnic problems to rectify historical injustices.

The signatories try to portray the past Ethiopia as a land of peace where all ethnic groups lived in harmony prior to the 1995 constitution. Little do they remember that Eritrea seceded prior to this constitution, and the biggest internal conflicts in the world were transpiring in Ethiopia before the constitution. From their vantage point, Ethiopia may have looked peaceful and a just country, but for the conquered people, Ethiopia had never been peaceful or a just country. The conquered people were suffering violence and inequities every single day.

It defies any logical thinking to assume with the signatories, that one obscure TPLF Manifesto instigated and unleashed ethnic hatred against the Amharas. It is rather the rank the Amhara ruling group held in the social hierarchy, that made them and their system to be a target during the revolution and thereafter. The signatories, with purposeful malice, present as if all Amharas were made a target, but this is a total fabrication. All oppressed nations and their organizations that were created to struggle against domination, have always made it clear that they have no issues with the larger Amhara population who were themselves oppressed by their own ruling group that also oppressed the others. The struggle of the Oromo and other people had always been against the system of domination which for historical reasons was mainly controlled by the Amhara ruling group.

It is mind boggling to imagine how some of these dignitaries felt comfortable affixing their signature to this communique that is full of malicious, exaggerated or unfounded allegations. It is also disingenuous how after meticulously listing what happened in the rest of the country, they conveniently omitted ethnic targeted killing that occurred in Amhara region or in Addis Ababa against others. As a case in point, nothing was mentioned about Oromos who were killed or whose businesses were stoned in Addis Ababa when they came to celebrate the return of the OLF. One of the most barbaric killing in the recent memory occurred, when more than 200 ethnic minorities including children and women were massacred in Metekel by the Amhara state militia. The communique, however, deliberately skipped over this. The killing of many Tigrayan in Gondar, the closing of boarder with Tigray by Amhara youth with the purpose of starving

them are also glossed over. The continuous killing and displacement of the Kimant people in Dembia and Chilga Woreda, Gondar, is disregarded as if they do not count. In the past the application of such double standard between the Amhara and other ethnic groups had been the hallmark of the Amhara elites, and it appears the current elites are also continuing in the same vein.

The hyperboles, exaggerations and misstatement in the Communique not only crosses the line, but it is also revealing how irrational and extreme the Amhara nationalists have become. For example, the preposterous claim that the Amhara population constitute 50 million out of the 110 million Ethiopian population is instructive of who they are. Even more detrimental and alarming is their effort to make an Amhara hero out of General Asaminew, the cold blooded killer. Asaminew is a murderer who tried to take over the regional state by force (by itself a coup d’état), and eventually control the federal government. The series of steps he took in the run up to his final evil act clearly show where he was heading. Within a short period of assuming power, he trained thousands of Amhara partisan paramilitary force and smuggled and amassed arms to Amhara region. Once that’s done, he unleashed his riffraff army on Berta minority group and massacred hundreds in Metekel. He also tried the same on Oromos in Kemise, Wollo, but was rebuffed. Furthermore, he made incendiary speeches all over the place inciting Amharas against Oromos and Tigrayans. His building of rogue militias, amassing arms and his inflammatory speeches were very indicative of what his end game was. It was stark clear that with his buddies in National Movement of Amhara (NaMA) their final goal was to take over the state power and reinstitute the Amhara domination. Herman Cohen, who served as United States Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, perfectly captured this in his Twit of June 24, 2019. Here is what he said;

Failed coup in #Ethiopia’s Amhara state was an attempt by ethnic nationalists to restore Amhara hegemony over all of Ethiopia that existed for several centuries prior to 1991. That dream is now permanently dead.

By attaching their names to this Communique, the signatories have confirmed their allegiance to the right wing Amhara supremacist NaMA. In fact, the dedication of so much space in the communique to the demised general, and the elaborate effort to rehabilitate him through ridiculous conspiracy theory makes one wonder how much extensive the general’s and NaMA’s influence was and how much it was expanding. And this is a great concern that all federalists in Ethiopia should take seriously.

Ethiopia is a multinational country that is coming out of ethnic subjugation and suppression. Most of the previously conquered nations want to belong to Ethiopia only if and when self-rule and shared rule are instituted through multinational democratic federation. Ethiopia that does not recognize the right of self-rule of its constituent nation and equitably represent them on the federal level will no more be acceptable. The choice for Ethiopia is no more between multinational federation and unitary form of government or other types of federation; the choice is between multinational federation and no Ethiopia. If not to bring back the pervious domination, it is not clear why of all the ethnic groups in Ethiopia, only the Amhara elites are vehemently opposed to multinational federation.

Ethiopia is currently facing multiple challenges and opportunities due to changes occurring in the country. All changes, especially transitional changes happening in a complex society like Ethiopia, could not occur without acute challenges and setbacks. In order to discredit the efforts of Prime Minster Abiy’s government, the signatories exaggerate the problems and setbacks and try to depict as if all is doom and gloom. If one listens to their wistful rumbling, one concludes that all is lost for Ethiopia. Even if there are some vulnerabilities and challenges, Ethiopia is not as they claim, on the precipice of civil conflict. In fact, Ethiopia has never come so close in its history to forming a just, peaceful and stable country as today. Except for some remnants remaining, all organizations that were previously engaged in armed conflict have now joined the peaceful march towards building a more perfect union. The no-peace, no-war situation with Eritrea, which could have descended to ugly conflict at any moment, is now more or less resolved. Even though recently there are some concerning developments, including in Sidama, human rights violations is by and large at its lowest ebb in recent memory. Freedom of speech and organization is flourishing at an unprecedented level. Where the Amhara elites who signed the Communique see half empty, we see half full. Where they propagate unfounded fear and despair, we preach hope.

The only potential for civil conflict comes from the mentality that wants to bring back the archaic, “one language”, “one culture”, and “one nation” assimilation project. It is unimaginable to think the oppressed nations of Ethiopia who through their relentless struggles have come so far and have unequivocally rejected rule by others will relinquish their autonomy and self-rule. In fact, the trend is in the other direction. Nations like Sidama are struggling to attain their statehood guaranteed in the constitution. No one is saying the current constitution is perfect and nothing should be changed. However, if change is needed, it’s for all Ethiopians to decide through extensive dialogue at a later time in parliament after the election, and not through unconstitutional way by those who are accustomed or think they are entitled to rule the country.

Ethiopia is on the verge of a new beginning where all its nations for the first time in its history will live together in democratic equality. We understand that there is a great divergence on the idea of what course of action the country should take going forward. We also understand that there is a great anxiety among many who are used to privilege to see that power is shifting. The change that is occurring is making the nations on the periphery to come into the center for the first time. This has the potential of bringing equality and equity between all nations in Ethiopia.

Of all the preposterous allegations and false narratives of the Amhara supremacists, nothing is far from the truth than the so-called Oromo domination by the current Administration. The government driven assimilationist and discriminatory policies of the last 150 years were not inconsequential. They have left behind drastic economic, political and social inequalities between the Amharic speakers on the one hand, and the rest of the excluded population. Just to cite one example, for instance, the Oromos, the population group that constitutes at least 40% of the Ethiopia population, is less than 10% in Amhara elites dominated Ethiopian federal workforce. The entitlement mentality these policies nurtured in the minds of the Amhara elites is even more astounding. The vicious attacks on handful Oromo politicians, activists, professionals and diplomates including the Prime Minister himself partly emanates from this mentality of

entitlement. The vicious attack by the supremacist Amhara elites on all and every Oromo person of power has an unintended consequence of a grave magnitude. By doing this they are not only pushing everyone to their ethnic enclave, but also creating a political environment where no one can dare to transcend such divides and come forward to resolve intricate country wide issues.

We hope the international community understands the communique issued by the signatories is an exceptionally one sided, extremist narrative that has no objective foundation, and does not reflect the sentiment of the vast majority of the Ethiopian peoples. Their recommendations are oblivious to the realities on the ground. They try to suggest solution based on biased and wrongly framed assessment of problems. Even though theirs is a view of the minority, their self-positioning as representing the interest of 110 million Ethiopian, is reprehensible and deeply rooted in imperial legacy of imposing a minority’s will on the majority. Their argument misrepresents or glosses over the imperatives of history and the lessons thereof. Theirs is a futile attempt to envision Ethiopia’s future while neglecting historical and contemporary questions.

Negotiated settlement of pending issues is very important for the future of Ethiopia. However, the signatories’ preposterous and inflated self-image, which is evident throughout the communique, does not provide any room for dialogue and negotiation. Advancing such a supremacist attitude, and calling for actions informed by it, is dangerous for contemporary Ethiopia. Many of their calls are morally bankrupt, politically sloppy, and hopelessly disconnected from prevalent realities. While most people of Ethiopia are calling for the realization of democratic multinational federation that effectively decentralizes decision-making power, the signatories call for further recentralization in pursuit of their reactionary dreams. To heed their call is to commit strategic mistake. To consider their unilateral voice as reasonable and representative, which they claim, is to neglect the voices of reason of the diverse Ethiopians who gave their lives and limbs to see the hope that is dawning in Ethiopia. To support their cause is to engage in swimming upstream, against the tide of the legitimate demands of the diverse peoples of Ethiopia, with potentially disastrous outcomes for Ethiopia, the Horn of Africa, and beyond.

Although the signatories lament about the impending civil conflict, they should be aware that it is their intransigent and out of touch thinking that is contributing towards the possibility of a conflict. Ethiopia is gone way beyond the empire era; and the old system of domination is buried not to be resurrected. It is high time that they come into terms with this fact and adjust their way of thinking. We encourage them to open up their eyes and hearts and discern the reality on the ground. We, in our part, wish the best for our country and work towards genuine federalism and peaceful coexistence of all nations where there is no domination of any type. With multinational democratic federation the future of Ethiopia is bright.

List of Signatories

  1. International Oromo Lawyers Association
  2. Oromo-American Citizens Council
  3. Oromo Community in San Diego
  4. Oromo Cultural Institution of Minnesota
  5. Abbaa Caalaa Lataa
  6. Abdusemed Youssouf, MD
  7. Abraham Dalu, PhD
  8. Alemayehu Bekele, PhD Candidate
  9. Aliye Hussen
  10. Asebe Regassa Debelo, PhD
  11. Asfaw Beyene, PhD
  12. Ayele Galan, PhD
  13. Baisa Wak-Woya
  14. Bayissa Didi
  15. Bekele Geleta
  16. Benti Geleta Buli
  17. Beyan Asoba, JD
  18. Daniel Ayana, PhD
  19. Daniel Degago
  20. Dessalegn Chamada, PhD
  21. Dune Silga
  22. Eshetu Beshada, PhD
  23. Endale Wakjira
  24. Gabisso Halaale
  25. Getachew Woyesa
  26. Girma Gebresenbet, PhD
  27. Girma Hassen
  28. Gutu Olana Wayessa, PhD
  29. Habtamu Awetu
  30. Hedeta Gudeta
  31. Hussien Hamda, PhD
  32. Ibsa Gutema
  33. Israel Gobena, JD
  34. Jamal Mohamed Gamta, MD
  35. Jenet Adem
  36. Mengistu Hika
  37. Mesfin Abdi, PhD
  38. Mesfin Abdisa, MD
  39. Mezgebu Efa, DVM
  40. Mohammed Hassen, PhD
  41. Nasir Kelil
  42. Nuro Dedefo, JD
  43. Qumbi Boro
  44. Redwan Hamza
  45. Solomon Ungashe, PhD
  46. Suffian Mohammed, PhD
  47. Taha Abdi
  48. Tashite Wako
  49. Teferi Margo, PhD
  50. Yadessa Dhaba, Rev.
  51. Yaya Beshir
  52. Zecharias Hailu
  53. Zelalem Abera Tesfa


  1. This tells you Abiy Ahmed is the leader of Fanatic OLF wing. The rest of Ethiopians should stand united to deflate these Radical OLF Group, which is acting like a hen that has lost the nest where she lays eggs.

    These group is propagating fabricated history and demonstrating strong hate for Amaras. The Amara intellectuals should stand behind their people to protect it from this SAVAGE group.

  2. What does this collection represent? Fake intellectuals standing for Oromo hegemony. Shame for the institutions who bestowed academic credentials to these collection of ignorants. I wonder how education makes you such narrow-minded, Amhara hating bunch of bastards?

    Yesterday, these useless guys were shouting against TPLF hegemony. However, when the OLFites/OPDOites got the power and did the same thing their Tigre masters were doing a year ago, things are OK and anybody who opposes these evil deeds is anti-Oromo.

    I am sure things will change, sooner or later, and you guys will be ashamed of what you wrote in this article.

  3. It is funny that instead of addressing the Issue that was raised they are lecturing us Ethiopians just like weyanes used to do, and scapegoat Amharas for lawlessness that is reigning supreme in the country.In their way of thinking to help Oromo consolidated power , they have to paint the Oromo lead Ethiopia with rosy picture , they deny the fact that a wholesale removal of Ethiopians from the region they have lived for hundred of years have to be whitewashed and the problem has to be scapegoated on Amharas drive for power. The 3 million gudigis have been cleansed out by Oromo radicals and their leader Ayatola Jawar , the owner of OMN is preaching hate against Amharas openly , and the so called Oromo Dr they didn’t hear about it — So oppressor Amharas are making things up as it comes along. What a foolish. First this stupid people need to understand that Amharas are equal in par population wise with Oromo people . Amharas are not a population that they can push around. what Most Ethiopians have experienced within the past years and understood is that this radical Oromos ,who want to recreate Ethiopian in Oromo image, are prepared poorly to lead the country to a better democratic, just place. They are fools if they think wyeane kind of politics going to benefit them by attacking Amhara Ethiopians. They will find out soon how they are wrong. It has become clear and clearer still that what NAM has been saying deserve a second look.Most people are trusting Abey to do the right thing by all Ethiopians, although so far his words and his action don’t match. If push come to shove Amharas are capable of protecting their right in short order. The Oromo radicals need to know how they come into limelight of power, but if they think that they going to use Weyane’s bankrupt ethnic politics to govern politics they will miss this golden opportunity for once and for all.

  4. Ethnic federalism is here to stay if Ethiopia is to continue to exist as a country. If Amhara chauvinists thought or continue to think they can dismantle the constitutionally established Federal structure by hoodwinking the world and the Ethiopian populace at large, they are in for a surprise. The sooner they accept the better it is for their sanity. The other option is to go and try to re-colonize the population and appoint Amhara rulers. Try it and we will see how it turns out. Don’t give us the bullshit “Concerned Ethiopians” when we all know that it is the project of Amhara chauvinists. We know why the “Moses-like” Abiy Ahmed of last year is now despised. It is because the chauvinists thought Abiy would do their bidding by dismantling the constitution and federal structure. He, of course, doesn’t have the power or mandate to do that. Even if he wanted, we will NOT allow him. So, get used to the status quo!

  5. I hope these two groups would come to their senses, sit down and have civil discussion. For me, I have no bullet proof evidence that the first group are made of ‘Pure Amharas’ only. I also have no bullet proof that everyone on this list of ‘concerned individuals) is ‘Pure Oromo’. I really don’t. I see them all niggaaz making fools out of themselves. They are doing what they have done on this none sense back and forth because they think they can from their comfy homes here in the USA, Europe, Oceania or some joint in Africa. From the list I can tell there a boat load of individuals with advanced degrees The Good Lord Knows in what!!! Both groups think they know better than every one of us and including every walking and breathing citizen of the old country. They know it all. When the time is high noon where every educated man/woman should come together in a sacred effort to take the destitute millions out of miserable livelihood, these have chosen to turn on each other. For them every complaining Amhara is(they used to call him/her a neftegna until 2018) a hegemonic and every protesting Oromo is what they call now an ‘OLFite) and downright narrow nationalist Amhara hater. I hope they give it up and come together for a common cause and for common good that the Old Country needs so bad!!!

    Such nonsense diatribe was as evident in the 1960’s as we can see it now. But then it was about a scale, a scale in which once ‘communist-ness’ was supposed to be measured. ‘I’m the real communist. No, no, no, I’m the one the real bona fide communist!’ I heard it all man!!! ‘I’m the communist but you are a revisionist’. They even had this subtle description of someone they did not like but they knew he/she was just as a commie. They went ‘communist in form but capitalist inside’. The heated argument went on unabated and the two groups went back slinging mud at each other. When all it was said and done very few of them were left standing. They took more half a million cream puff of the society with them. Some of them were ‘smart’ enough to align themselves with the blood thirsty Mengistu who allowed them to regroup as ethnic groups. Those were the most loyal Mengistu allies who were rabid torturers and snitches. These became founding members of various liberation fronts who should be held responsible for the murders of poor peasants and those Oromos who they thought were modern day ‘Gobenas’. Neo-Gobenas they call them. Others have turned into this fantasy about the good ole days and busy picking on the system of federation. They want to see it torn down. No sir!!! That ain’t gonna happen!!! It should be buffed up of any impurities in it but not discarding it. Both such groups were lambasting at every Tigre as ‘Woyane’. That led to the eviction of every Tigre from Oromia and Amhara region. I don’t blame them if such victims lose any of their sense of belonging in the union and that is not good at all. Others like them led by personas were screaming out loud ‘Neftegna, neftegna’ which led to the massacre of innocent peasants in 1992-3. Now you can easily see what the diatribes by these two irresponsible groups will lead to. You must be ashamed of yourselves!!!! Intellectuals? My foot!!! That is what secondhand education does it to you!!!

  6. It is very interesting to see when history repeats itself again.
    At the time of TPLF era, the so called TPLF Intellectuals did almost the same thing.
    Allmost all ethiopians rather than TPLF supporters, were neftegna, amhara andson.
    And now u , who called yourself intellectual, wants to tellme the same dogma.

    Sorry for u.

  7. When will you face the truth and shut up? In your way of thinking, there will be no Ethiopia if Amhara doesn’t rule. The more you talk, the more you expose yourselves and the more you stretch the conflict eventuating to the ultimate demise of your Ethiopia. When will you come to your conscience and face the reality?

  8. I firmly believe that some of the points raised here are perfect . But, We should focus to build our country but not to divide among nations and nationalities. Every nation and nationaliy, ethinic, should use its language at school and public offices. This what I learn from every citizen I met here in Atlanta. I have many friends from different countries. I think Amharic is taking the advantage of being official language and developing in its literature , poem, and music than the other languages. We have more new Amharic words than the other languages, in my point of view.

    Although it is correct to show the merits and demrits of the previous and current political regime , we need also not to foregt to work for unity other than inciting violence by overstating the historical misdemeanor, you may call it genocide or barbarity , in the past regadles of its effect in our life.

    Thank you

  9. It is pathetic to say the least, that the learned men who have purportedly scribbled their nauseating gibbersih deliberately, misconstrue the legitimate concerns of those whom they dubbed Amara hegemonists. I am not an Amara nor a hegomonist. And here is my take on the pomp and absurdity of the authors.

    I consider them as men not even worthy of my contempt on the score of their stupidity, glaring lies and complete lack of even a tinge of conscience.

    Over the last 28 years, the murderous and cowardly OLF has masscred hundreds of thousands of unarmed and unsuspecting Amaras and other Amharic-speaking Ethiopians with or without the aid of their Woyanie masters.

    In all these, the Oromo masses are not to blame.. However it is extremely disheartening that not any Oromo elders have yet shown the moral fortitude to publicly counter let alone condemn the lies peddled by the OLF elites like the ones who wrote these petition.

    The disingenous half-baked, self-styled Oromo elites represent the morbidly, aggressive, expansionis Oromos of yesteryears. Oromo invasion some four centuries ago, not only decimated entire tribes in the war-worn nation after Ahmed Gragn, but it has also destroyed ovr 20 linguistic groups.

    Although the mighty Sidamas have endured the repeated Oromo aggression, they have lost almost half of their ancestral lands to the Oromos. Afars, Amaras, Guragies, Hararis, Wolaitas, Kembatta, Keffas, Hadyas, Janjeroes, had been overan by opportunistic Oromos as soon as Ahmed Gragn left the country in dire condition. Somalis, are perhaps the only Ethiopians who never relented an inch of theiir ancestral lands to the Oromo onslaught. And as we have seen recently, Somalis have expelled over a million Oromo expansionists successfully.

    However much one realizes the pain that goes along with all nation-building processes, the Oromo attempt to build their Oromia on other peoples’ territories, will be as easy as cutting a cake.
    It will be a big pipedream. Menelik, if anything honoured the best among them.
    It was to an Oromo general Gobena, that the emperor gave his daughter in marriage. Had it not been for his early demise, it was the grandchild of the two men who was groomed to succed the eemperor. Of course, these damn liars, never mention this in their confabulated narratives of victimhood.

    Well, practically every Ethiopian linguistic group that had survived Oromo invasion has some horribel story to tell. Certainly Sidamas, who bore the brunt of Oromo barbarity until the period of the Derg, can relate their gallant stride to ward off Oromos more than others.
    That is why every Ethiopian should be up in arms to check the boundless arrogance and ignorance of the dangerous Oromo elites who are bent to lay claim on everything that is not theirs including the Addis Abeba.

    Please, come of age and be men. Otherwise you will be a disgrace to your race.
    You have become a laughing stock already.

  10. @Mekonen Irge;
    Your hypocrisy is boundless! Otherwise, you could have not stated ” that the learned men who have purportedly scribbled their nauseating gibbersih deliberately, misconstrue the legitimate concerns of those whom they dubbed Amara hegemonists.” You must be one of the ‘hegemonists’ that have scribbled the first ‘appeal’, since a neutral person would have argumented the merits and demerits of both letters. Not only that, you have gone over to attack the Oromo using the Habesha fairy tales that used to demonize the Oromo as evidence, and are not only vomitting here your vitriolic hatred for anything Oromo, but also calling for arms against them for purported “barbarity committed 400 years ago”, to comouflage the massacres your cliques are committing in open view for the last 150 years. You can not hide your habesha chauvinism and racism behind your non-sensical fake history.

  11. Ethnic federalism is unethical and immoral ethnic landlordship and causefor ethnic strife. The people who push for it have either self interest and not the people they claimn to fight for or either the have digged history and can not reconcile objectively with past history. Just own what you are and brace yourself for constructive and bright future for today childrens and generations to come for every ethnic group and their legacy. enjoy reading

  12. Zeamanuel

    you must be one of the broods of Asaminew tsige , Abiy and Meaza, vipers and man-like repties.

    You donot be worried and advied us what we should do. What was the role of Amhara people and their elites during the red terror ? Don’t you kill enfants , pregnant women with knifes without mercy hoping to kill TPLF freedom fighters who freed you without discriminating Tigray from Amhara as much as the sun imparts its light for both criminals like and innocent kids !

    Bulshit man. You donot even give due credit for the one saved your life from barbaric derge , Mengistu Hailemariam and melaku tefera and his descendants.

    People like you demonize TPLF just because they donot like someone to lead them unless he has amharic blood., son of amhara.

    People who could possibly torture you are those who want to please and appease their masters and stay in power not Tegarus .

    I can tell you from my exprerience visting some cities and working in Tigray nobody tortured me. I am Tigraway but donot even speak and make a single phrase in Tigrigna . However, When I was living with Amaharas many of them were telling that they could hand , kill and burn Tigre if they could and find time and place convenient for them.

    Amharas as I told you before you are running out of resources, food etc and historical artifacts selling to westerners . You are bombasting here being relied on the resources you could steal from Oromo, biggest food producers and exporters, like Assela, nekemit , Bale, etc

    Amhara is known for metet, kererto , fukera tinkola , superstition, killing lizards, snakes and frogs and giving to their victims . Saddly you call all this satanic act wisdom.

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